7th Century (600-699) C.E.

605 The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.

610 The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God.

613 Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.

614 Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.

615 Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.

616 Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.

617 Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah.

619 Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow.

620 Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.

621 First pledge at Aqaba.

622 Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.

623 Nakhla expedition.

624 Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.

625 Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition of Badr.

626 Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.

627 Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.

628 Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states.

629 The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).

630 Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunsin, Auras, and Taif.

631 Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations.

632 Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.

632 Death of the Holy Prophet. Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.

633 Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.

634 Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.

635 Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.

636 Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.

637 Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem. Battle of Jalula.

638 Conquest of Jazirah.

639 Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.

640 Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt.

641 Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt.

642 Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.

643 Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).

644 Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph.

645 Campaigns in Fats.

646 Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor.

647 Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.

648 Campaigns against the Byzantines.

651 Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines.

652 Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman.

656 Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.

657 Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal.

658 Battle of Nahrawan.

659 Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah.

660 Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus.

661 Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph.

662 Khawarij revolts.

666 Raid of Sicily.

670 Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.

672 Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan.

674 The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state.

677 Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege of Constantinople.

680 Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain.

682 In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.

683 Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II.

684 Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat.

685 Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.

686 Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa.

687 Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed.

691 Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik.

692 The fall of Makkah. Death of Abdullah b Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.

695 Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish.


6th Century
(500-599) C.E.

7th Century (600-699)

8th Century (700-799)

9th Century (800-899)

10th Century (900-999)

11th Century
(1000-1099) C.E.

12th Century
(1100-1199) C.E

13th Century
(1200-1299) C.E.

14th Century
(1300-1399) C.E.

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