In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Blessings of the Month of Ramadhan

Fasting is the third pillar of Islam. The word "Saum" (meaning to stop or abstain) is used in Arabic for fasting. A fast then means that one refrains from eating, drinking and other physical things (all those things that are otherwise allowed) from dawn to sunset. This month comes every year to spread the blessings and mercy of Allah. We are thankful to Allah for providing physical forms of divine worship such as prayer, fasting, and pilgrimage to improve our moral and spiritual condition. 

"O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint.

(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more of his own free will it is better for him and it is better for you that ye fast if ye only knew.

Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful." [Al-Qur'an 2:183-185]

Welcoming the Month of Ramadhan: Narrated Abu Hurayrah, the Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) has said: "The month of Ramadhan comes to you. This is a blessed month" [Tirmidhi Hadith no. 611].

 

Ramadhan - Anniversary of the Glorious Qur'an: Ramadhan is that blessed month in which the Glorious Qur'an was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). In this regard this month celebrates the birthday of the Glorious Qur'an. To render our dues we should recite the Qur'an as much as possible. During this month, at night, the Prophet used to recite the Qur'an in its entirety with the Angel Gabriel (Jibraeel).

 

Opening the doors to heaven: Narrated Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), Allah's Apostle said, "When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3 (Fasting), Hadith no. 123]. In this saying the is a high place in Heaven for one who observes the fast because a believer is enjoined to perform such deeds that please Allah and stay away from bad things. 

 

Ramadhan's Special relationship with Prayers: During this month Allah's mercy and blessings are at their peak. Narrated Abu Huraira, (may Allah be pleased with him), Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 1 (Faith), Hadith no. 36] 

 

Charity during Ramadhan: Narrated Ibn Abbas, that Allah's Apostle was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel (Jibraeel) met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur'an. Allah's Apostle was the most generous person, even more generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds). [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 1 (Revelation), Hadith no. 5] 

 

Last Ten days of Ramadhan: Narrated Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), with the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3 (Tarawih Prayers), Hadith no. 241]. During the month of Ramadhan worship reaches its peak in the form of I'tikaaf (retirement for Allah's worship). The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to retire to the Masjid (Mosque) in the last ten days of the Ramadhan.

 

Ramadhan and Lailatul Qadr (Night of Decree):

Lailatul Qadr is such a night that the Glorious Qur'an has declared it to be better than a thousand months. [Qur'an 97:3]

 

Narrated Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) asked Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) to tell her what prayers to say on Laylat al-Qadr if she knew which night it was, and he told her to say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

"O Allah, Thou art forgiving and lovest forgiveness, so forgive me." [Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 641]

 

Ibn Umar and Abdullah ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Some of the Companions of the Prophet saw Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree) in their dreams in the last seven nights of Ramadan, whereupon the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "I see that your dreams all agree upon the last seven nights. Whosoever seeks it, let him seek it in the last seven nights.''
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3 (Tarawih Prayers), Hadith no. 232 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith no. 567]

 

Narrated Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her): The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to observe I`tikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and say, "Seek Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree) in the odd nights out of the last ten nights of Ramadan.'' [Al-Bukhari, Volume 3 (Tarawih Prayers), Hadith no. 234 and 237]

 

Commentary:  We learn from these Hadith that Lailat-ul-Qadr occurs in any of the five odd nights - 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th - of the last ten nights of Ramadan. Its exact date has not been revealed for the reason that people keep themselves awake for prayer for a larger number of nights. Had its date been fixed, people would have kept awake for prayer only on that night. There is a general belief among the scholars that it is fixed, on the 27th night of Ramadan. But this is not correct. Ahadith do not confirm this view.

 

* Its sign

Allah’s Messenger gave indication and signs of Lailatul-Qadr, so that the Muslim may know which night it is.

Narrated Ubayy ibn Ka'b (RA), Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “On the morning following Lailatul-Qadr the sun rises not having any rays.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith no. 570]

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA), who said: “We were talking about laylat al-Qadr in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and he said: He who amongst you remembers (the night) when the moon arose and it was like a piece of plate (at the fag end of the month in a state of waning).” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith no. 571]

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

May Allah enable us to be the recipients of Lailatul Qadr that we truly benefit from the coming month of Ramadhan. May Allah accept our prayers. Aameen.

  • The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an, 11th edition 1429 AH / 2008 C.E with Revised English Translation, Commentary and Index by ‘Abdullah Yusuf ‘Ali.
  • Sahih Al-Bukhari translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan, Islamic University Al-Medina Al-Munawwara, Published: 1980, Publisher: Dar Al Arabia, Beirut, Lebanon.

 

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THE MONTH OF RAMADHAN

Blessings of the Month

Qur'an on Fasting

Rules related to Fasting

Explained Virtues of Fasting (Saum)

Rewards of Fasting

Common errors made during Ramadhan

Charity in Ramadhan

Benefits of Dates

Zakaah al-Fitr

Eid ul-Fitr

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